Tillandsia Web, Dade Chapter, Florida Native Plant Society
for Miami-Dade County and the Florida Keys

Online Newsletter

Excerpted from our print newsletter. See the printed newsletter for detailed Field Trip directions and reports, for phone and addresses for yard visits and additional articles. Join now to obtain the benefits of full membership!

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In This Issue


If you didn't receive this Tillandsia in your mail box,
… then you aren't a member of DCFNPS.

Please consider joining (if you have never joined) or rejoining (if your membership has lapsed).  We'd like to have you counted as a conservator of Florida's native plants and a supporter of FNPS!

drawing of a mail boxGive a gift FNPS membership! 

Contact 305-255-6404 or pphares@mindspring.com.


September 2009

  • 22 (Tue): Meeting in Miami-Dade (Alien Bee Pollinators)
  • 26 (Sat.): Field trip (Broward Co. - Long Key Natural Area)

October 2009

  • 17 (Sat.): Field trip (NOAA pineland, South Miami-Dade)
  • 24 (Sat.): Chapter workday, Everglades National Park
  • 27 (Tue.): Meeting in Miami-Dade (Early Miami-Dade Parks Architecture)

November 2009

  • 7 (Sat.): Yard visit in South Miami, 2-4pm.
  • 20-22 (Fri.-Sun.): Fairchild Botanical Garden Ramble
    (DCFNPS participates - volunteers needed)
  • 24 (Tue.): Meeting in Miami-Dade (program TBA)

December 2009

  • 6 (Sun): Holiday picnic (multi-organization).  Details TBA.
  • 15 (Tue.): Meeting in the Keys (Details TBA)
  • 19 (Sat.):  Chapter workday, Everglades National Park

May 20-23, 2010: Annual FNPS Conference in Tallahassee (date change from previous announcement)

Additional field trips: TBA

The Keys Branch is on vacation until November.

See our online Calendar for more details and dates.


Tuesday, September 22, 2009, 7:30 p.m. at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Corbin Building, 10901 Old Cutler Road.  Free and open to the public. Refreshments begin at 7:15. Merchandise sales are before and after the program (cash/checks only).  Plant raffle follows the program. (Note: This meeting is the 4th Tuesday, not the last.)

Before the meeting at 7 pm: You're invited! The Board of Directors invites interested members for a brief discussion regarding your thoughts about our chapter and how it functions.  This discussion will be prior to the monthly meeting on Sept. 22.


"Alien Bee Pollinators Invade Florida" - Robert Pemberton, PhD, Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, USDA, Ft. Lauderdale.

Two neotropical bees have invaded south Florida. A beautiful metallic green orchid bee (Euglossa viridissima) was detected in 2003 and an oil-collecting bee (Centris nitida), which looks like a small bumblebee, was detected in 2007. Both bees have highly specialized as well as more generalized pollination activities depending on flower species with which they interact. Both are visiting a wide range of plants including invasive weeds which they may promote, non-native ornamentals which they could assist to naturalize, and natives which they could increase. 

Dr. Pemberton's activities at the USDA focus on biological control of invasive plants that impact Florida's natural areas.  These projects include Old World climbing fern (Lygodium microphyllum), air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera), skunk and sewer vines (Paederia foetida and P. crudassiana), and the lobate lac scale (Paratachardina pseudolobata). His invasive bee, orchid and pollination research is through affiliations with Fairchild, where he is a Senior Research Associate, and the Florida Museum of Natural History, where he is a Courtesy Curator at the Herbarium.

October 27: "Building Close to Nature: The Early Park Architecture of Dade County" - Rocco Ceo, Professor, Univ. of Miami School of Architecture. 

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FNPS members and their guests (children welcome) are invited to this event.   If you are not yet a member, please join so you can enjoy all the activities of the chapter!  Address and directions are in the print newsletter sent to members.

If the weather is very bad, call to confirm.  Field trips are for the study of plants and enjoyment of nature by FNPS members and their guests. Collecting is not permitted. Children welcome. For carpooling, call Gwen (305-372-6569) or Patty (305-255-6404).

Saturday, Sept. 26, 2009, 9:30-12:30. Broward County's Long Key Natural Area.

At 157 acres, this is one of the largest nature preserves adminis­tered by Broward County.  It consists mostly of high oak hammock.  More than 100 years ago, it was a high tree island in the Everglades marshes.  Archaeologists have traced human presence there to the Tequesta, and during the Seminole Wars, it was a refuge for native Americans fleeing U.S. troops.  In more recent times, it has been the site of the Kapok Tree Inn restaurant, a Wild West theme park and an exotic plant nursery, and orange groves were planted along its fringes.  The public areas of the park consist of a half-mile paved trail through the hammock.  We will also visit adjacent wetland areas normally not open to the public.  There is also a new nature center with an exhibit hall ($1 admission) discussing the history of the site. 

Saturday, Oct. 17, 2009:  Field trip to the NOAA pineland, near Metro Zoo (south Dade).  Details in the October issue.

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The FNPS Keys group is well underway with plans for the 2009-2010 season.  We are planning meetings and field trips in Key Largo at John Pennekamp State Park in January and March, 2010, and in Marathon at the Marathon Garden Club in December, 2009, and February and April, 2010.  Meetings are tentatively scheduled for the third Tuesday of the month.  If you would like to show off your Marathon yard for a yard visit in February or April, or if you have questions or ideas for programs, walks and other activities, please contact Lisa at 305-743-0978 or ledzepllg@bellsouth.net.  The Keys group is looking for new folks to help keep the Keys group going.  If you could get involved with event logistics and planning, please contact Lisa.

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TREASURER’S REPORT: July 2008 - June 2009

Note:  The value of merchandise held in stock is not included in the table below. Admin expenses include the Avery Science Fair award, bank fees, corporate costs like registration, accounting, and taxes, misc., office supplies, PO Box rental, postage, printing, socials and software.

Funds from the estate of Bob Kelley have been invested while the board discusses future uses.  There were no distributions from the Mary Ann Bolla Memorial fund to help graduate student research.

The Dade Chapter closed the fiscal year with a smaller loss than last year.  Membership is our largest source of income and was up $209 from last year.  The chapter receives 25% of your FNPS dues.  We encourage everyone to renew their membership not merely for financial reasons, but first and foremost to spread the good word about native plants.  Thanks to all Keys members for maintaining your memberships even with the long drives to the Keys meetings.  Whether you live in Miami-Dade, Monroe or elsewhere, we value your membership, especially your contributions of time and ideas.  Our events couldn’t happen without all the volunteers behind the scenes as well as at the events.  Thanks for your support.

Mark Bolla, Treasurer


Change from Last Year

6/30/2009 Bank account




Spring plant sale $2,533 - $2,352



Ramble $3,209 - $2,949



Native Plant Day $955 – $2,172



Merchandise Sold $1,612  









Keys $365 sales + $159 raffle - $271 expenses  



Total income









Mo. Meetings






Event Outreach



Merchandise Purchases



Total Expenses




Net income



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Welcome new members!  In Miami-Dade: Michael Caridad, Thomas Edwards, Juan Espinosa-Almodovar, Mariana Granados, Patty Kelly, James Leslie, Madelyn Mateo (Friends of the Everglades), David McDonald, Nancy Moreland, Karla Patricia Ortez-Colindres, Christopher Podstawski, Buck and Maria Reilly, Tyler Schwartz (student), Mary Ann Talmadge (Dunbar Old Books), David and Helene Valentine, Marianne Vanevic

In the Keys: Deborah Drake, Steve Errera, Kitty Somerville, Tracy Widener.

The Dade Chapter has 279 memberships: Business 7; Contri-buting 6; Family/household 61; Individual 182; Library 2; Life 1; Not for profit 4;  Student 9; Supporting 7. We greatly appreciate our very first Life member, Redland Nursery (John Demott).

DCFNPS on Facebook! Our Chapter now has its very own page.  Receive alerts about events, post photos, and interact with other native plant enthusiasts on our page!  Please share the page with your friends and family on Facebook, so that even non-members will be able to become more involved (and may ultimately join us!). Find and join us today by searching Dade Chapter of the Florida Native Plant Society on Facebook.

FNPS Land Management Partners Needs Volunteers from Each Chapter (announcement from www.fnps.org)
The mission of the Land Management Partners (LMP), a subcommittee of the FNPS Conservation Committee, is to provide government agencies (i.e., state, water management districts, county, local), non-government organizations, and the general public with support in managing public and private lands “to promote the preservation, conservation and restoration of native plants and native plant communities of Florida”.

The Land Management Partners (LMP) subcommittee is requesting a liaison/contact person from each FNPS chapter to assist in identifying FNPS volunteers interested in assisting with local LMP support activities.

Examples of LMP support activities include providing FNPS volunteers to:

The LMP chapter liaison/contact person would let his/her chapter members know about the LMP, identify chapter members interested in participating in LMP activities, and distribute information about upcoming LMP support activities to the chapter membership.

For more information, please contact the LMP subcommittee chair, Anne Cox (ecologinc@bellsouth.net) or the vice chair, Daphne Lambright (dlambrig@biotechnical-services.com).

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To our speaker, to our Membership, and to our Guests, we apologize for the arrangements at our last general meeting.  On June 23, 2009, our general membership meeting was to be a special occasion.  A special speaker had been engaged, and we, the Board of Directors, were under the impression that our request for special room accommodations had been granted and confirmed with the proper authorities at Fairchild, and that we would be using the Garden Room that evening.

Unfortunately, those arrangements were not conveyed to the staff on duty that night, and the use of the Garden Room was denied. Corbin B was in use at the time as well.  Thus, our largest of crowds had to make do with the smallest of spaces. The crowded room left us all hot and uncomfortable. Seating was sparse, and it was standing room only.  On top of that, our stock supply of raffle tickets was missing and we had very little to distribute for the raffle.  It didn't leave much room for anything else to have gone wrong that night. We are all glad nothing else did.

Had it not been for our special speaker's wonderful presentation with his own special brand of humor, the night would have been a disaster.  The Board thanks you all, and especially our speaker, for your patience and understanding during our brush with Murphy’s Law. We sincerely apologize and ask your forgiveness with the promise that this will not occur again on our watch.

Robert Harris, as President, and on behalf of the entire Board of Directors, Dade Chapter Florida Native Plant Society

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Dade Native Plant Workshop.  MDC Kendall campus Landscape Technology Center.  3rd Tuesdays at 7 p.m. Bring at least 3 flowering/fruiting plants of any species (even if not the subject matter). Sept. 15: Solidago (goldenrods).  Contact Steve, 786-488-3101, Stevewoodmansee@bellsouth.net.   For directions, see www.regionalconservation.org/ircs/aboutus/Outreach.asp   Free!

Broward Native Plant Society.  Meets 7-9pm at the Agricultural Extension Service, 3245 College Ave., Davie.  954-370-3725 or www.npsbroward.orgSept. 9: Dr. John Pipoly, Broward Agricultural Agent, will discuss Urban Forests.

Native Plant Sale in Broward, Sept. 12, 9am-1pm, sponsored by Broward Parks and Recreation. Fern Forest Nature Center, 201 S Lyons Rd., Coconut Creek.

Grass workshops.  Sept. 10-11 at Castellow Hammock Park (focuses on grasses of southeastern FL) and Sept. 17-18 at Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary (focuses on grasses of southwestern Florida.)  The class will help participants recognize patterns in the grass family, allowing for quicker recognition in the field and easier use of diagnostic keys.  The first day is mostly lectures, and the second includes field and classroom work.  $175/person for the first day, and $350 for both days.  Contact Keith Bradley, The Institute for Regional Conservation, 305-247-6547, bradley@regionalconservation.org

Tropical Audubon Society. Doc Thomas House, 5530 Sunset Dr., Miami. 305-667-7337, www.tropicalaudubon.org for more details and activities.  Nonmembers are welcome at all activities.  

Of special interest in the Tropical Audubon Bulletin online, Aug. 2009 issue (www.tropicalaudubon.org):

Adopt-a-Tree.  Miami-Dade's final 2009 tree give-away is Sept. 19 at J. C Bermudez Park (Doral), 3100 NW 87 Ave. The native dahoon holly as well as non-native flowering and fruit trees will be available for single-family or duplex homeowners.  See http://www.miamidade.gov/derm/home.asp

Miami Blue Chapter, North American Butterfly Association.  See www.miamiblue.org or contact Elane Nuehring, 305-666-5727 or miamiblue@bellsouth.net for details of walks and other activities.

Sept. 13: "Butterflies of Biscayne National Park" Opening Reception, 11am-4pm. This photo exhibit runs September 9 - November 11, 2009, in the Dante Fascell Visitor Center, 9700 SW 328 St., Homestead, 305-230-7275.  Activities on September 13 include butterfly walks and a 2 pm program on butterflies of the park.  Meet the photographers and get tips on techniques!

Free Sargent's cherry palm seeds.  If you would like to try your hand at propagating Pseudophoenix sargentii seeds, contact Barry White at 305-251-1960 or bwtamia@bellsouth.net.  He bought a plant about 15 years ago, and it is now fruiting.  Barry says he has learned that germinating them is quite a challenge.

Garden tools up for grabs.  Gita Ramsay has a hoe and shovel left behind at a planting project that she will donate to a worthy cause.  Contact her at gita.ramsay@gmail.com.

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NURSERY NEWS: Replace Ficus hedge with Jamaican Caper

by Susan Casey, Casey's Corner Nursery

Many Ficus benjamina hedges have gone leafless from Ficus whitefly infestation.  Jamaican caper (Capparis cyanophallo­phora) is becoming a favorite to replace Ficus hedges and mixed hedges.   It has a typical height of 12 to 15 feet and 6 foot spread, and can be grown wherever there is adequate space, forming a nice, thick hedge.  The plant's fragrant, stunning flower has long, showy stamens, and it opens white, turning pink to purple with age.  The seed pods are 3 to 8 inches long and when open they reveal orange-red pulp containing several seeds.  The top of the leaf is shiny green, and the underside brownish-gray.  Jamaican capers require very little attention and have no pests or diseases of major concern.  Whether planted as a bush, hedge or specimen tree, this plant is a wonderful addition to your landscape. Casey's Corner Nursery and Landscaping is at 31877 SW 197 Ave., Homestead. (305-248-7284).

[Editor's note: Learn more about Jamaican caper at www.regionalconservation.org - Natives for Your Neighborhood.  The UF/IFAS Miami-Dade County Extension says that defoliated Ficus may still be alive, but you would need to apply an insecticide to protect new growth.  They recommend leaving the Ficus clippings in place for mulch under your plants. You may as well use the Ficus as mulch to grow a nice native!]

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IN MEMORIAM: Ute Vladimir

Dade Chapter member Ute Carey Vladimir passed away on August 13, 2009.  She was an active environmental advocate and a member of FNPS, Tropical Audubon Society and the Miami Blue Chapter of the North American Butterfly Association.  While she was quiet and not well-known in our chapter, she volunteered at events and was an avid supporter of native plants.  Her obituary in the Miami Herald said, "The living expression of her love for the tropics was her native plant garden. She nurtured it with love and care and it, in turn, nurtured her. In lieu of flowers, please consider planting a native tree, shrub or flower in an appropriate place near you. Learn how at www.fnps.org."  Our environment and her friends will greatly miss her.

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Whet your appetite for our September program.  If you have access to Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden's magazine, see the Winter 2008 issue with an article by Dr. Robert Pemberton (the speaker at our DCFNPS meeting this month) and Dr. Hong Liu (both FNPS members). "Pollination of the Rare Cowhorn Orchid" discusses some of the authors' discoveries about the non-native bee (Centris nitida), which will be the focus of his talk.  The authors also point out that the related native bee, Centris errans, is an important pollinator, and that it depends on the native shrub locust berry (Byrsonima lucida), from which it collects oils used in its reproduction (nest building and food). 

Locust berry is an important pineland shrub which should be an integral part of native gardens and pineland restorations in Miami-Dade and the Keys -- as you will recall from Dr. Suzanne Koptur's past presentations to us on pollinators.  An article on locust berry first appearing in the October 1991 Tillandsia and reprinted in April, 2000, is included again later in this newsletter … to inspire you help the bees by planting a locust berry soon.

Laurel wilt.  If you were away for the summer, you may have missed the bad news that the exotic redbay ambrosia beetle has been found in South Miami-Dade.  This insect carries the Laurel wilt fungus that has decimated native redbay (Persea borbonia) trees in north Florida, Georgia and South Carolina since 2002 and has been steadily marching south.  South Florida residents are mainly concerned about avocado trees (Persea americana), but all members of the laurel family (Lauraceae) might be in danger.  Besides redbay and swamp bay, lancewood is also a member of the laurel family native to South Florida. You can find more information online.  If you think you see evidence of the beetles (e.g., holes in the bark) or the disease on your Lauraceae, call the Division of Plant Industry at 1-888-397-1517.

Fire ant biocontrol. This announcement came from Chris Furqueron, Chief - IPM, Invasives, and EPMT Program, National Park Service: "Since 1997 researchers have been importing and releasing several species of phorid flies for biocontrol of fire ants in FL and TX.  Finally, it appears that two species of flies are spreading and approaching a critical mass that could begin actually to control fire ant populations."  [See the National Geographic News online]  http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/05/090515-zombie-ants-flies.html

More about orchids and pollinators.  Also from National Geographic, read about orchids that lure pollinators with trickery in the September 2009 issue, in print or at http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2009/09/orchids/pollan-text

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Marty Roessler has been recording plant lists of some sort for our newsletter for 25 years.  It started when his consulting company at the time, Tropical Bioindustries, had a native plant nursery in Florida City.  The first "Bloom Briefs" was in the October 1984 Tillandsia and listed 27 plants observed in bloom the previous month.  (Now I have to admonish the field trip participants to quit finding so many blooming plants that make the list very long in the newsletter!)  These lists and Marty's awesome knowledge of plants have been a wonderful resource for some (plant growers, botanists) and of interest to others who just like to know what is blooming when.  A huge thank you goes to Marty from all or us!

Marty would like to pass the task of recording to someone or multiple people who like to "multitask" (walk and record at the same time) while he takes the opportunity to look up from the notebook and watch his own step.  If you are interested in participating in a collective effort to record field trip plant lists or to write up other notes about the sites we visit, please contact me and we'll work out a system with Marty's help.  It's a great way to help you learn plant names and identification!

Also, after this month, field trip plant lists will be posted in a special section on the chapter website, while a discussion of the trip will appear in the print Tillandsia.  If you need to have a hardcopy plant list sent to you, please feel free to ask.

Patty Phares, 305-255-6404, pphares@mindspring.com.

Here is Marty's message:

"The following field trip report may be the last of the series as it has existed. A list of blooming plants was begun in 1984 in response to a request to document the seasonality of blooming in south Florida plants. Initially the list included plants in bloom at our native plant nursery and seen on route to and from the nursery. After the closure of our nursery, the list evolved to include plants observed on sites being evaluated in our consulting work and on the trips to and from the sites. The “Bloom Briefs” were biased by the habitat selection of the consulting studies and were showing false seasonality that resulted from unbalanced observations. After some discussion with the Board and other members of the Dade Chapter FNPS, it was decided that the blooming plant list be limited to the plants observed on our monthly field trips and expanded to include a brief discussion of the habitats and history of the selected site. With the help of the field trip leaders and many talented observers, I have kept field notes of my own observations and those reported by many other keen eyed enthusiasts, and later compiled the field trip reports using a database developed in my consulting work.

"The database I use can be imported into the database included in Microsoft Office Professional and in the Word Perfect equivalent. I would be willing to give a copy of my file to a new reporter. I would also be willing to compile the newsletter report from legible field notes made by others. Or the field trip reports could be restructured to provide more historical and habitat information and feature a few of the plants that dominate the landscape or impress the participants."

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by Martin Roessler

On August 1, 2009, members of the Dade Chapter FNPS and Dade County Native Plant Workshop were lead by Jane Dozier of Miami-Dade Parks, and Tiffany Melvin, of Miami-Dade DERM, through the Hattie Bauer Hammock and Fennel Orchid Jungle historic site. The site purchased by the Environmentally Endangered Lands (EEL) Program consists of about 9 acres of hammock and 6 acres of property developed by the “Orchid Jungle.”  The site is being restored by Dade County Parks and Recreation and the EEL Program.  We observed the following flowering seed bearing plants.  As expected the hammock had few flowering plants, but the cleared fields around the coral rock house and the pineland near the Fennel residence provided most plants in the list. Please see printed newletter for the list of plants observed.

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by John Pancoast, Illustration by Wes Jurgens

Drawing of Locust BerryLocust berry, Byrsonima lucida, is an easy-to-grow, tropical shrub that should be used by more native plant fanciers.  During the spring and early summer, it produces a myriad of flowers that change color from white to blush and pink.  The berrylike fruit is small, less than a half inch wide.  It is a slow grower, gaining about a foot a year.  It grows best in full sun and in loose soil similar to those in the limestone ridge areas of South Dade County.   It has few pests but does not tolerate cold weather.

This plant is generally a large, wide shrub but may become a small tree up to 30 feet high after many years.  In your garden, you may use it in massed beds, or use as an accent plant to see the flowers and the leaves which grow in clusters that have been compared to "schools of fish".

It is native to the pinelands of southern Dade County and the Keys, where it grows in pockets in the limestone soils.  This plant resembles other [nonnative] members of the Malpighia family such as Barbados cherry and "dwarf holly", which have already found homes in our gardens.  In common with these plants, it has opposite simple leaves and flowers with five sepals containing two glands and five, distinctly clawed petals.

The Malpighia family, which is found primarily in the American tropics, contains about 800 species of which 100 are found in the genus Byrsonima.

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President: Robert Harris, 954-651-4176, xkensington6x@yahoo.com

General information:  786-340-7914

Refreshment coordinator, Dade meetings: Patty Harris, 305-262-3763 eve., 305-373-1000 day

Memberships: Patty Phares (305-255-6404)

DCFNPS Web page: http://dade.fnpschapters.org
Webmaster: Greg Ballinger and Haniel Pulido Jr. (dadefnpsweb@gmail.com)

FNPS Chapter representative: Lynka Woodbury (305-667 1651x3427, lwoodbury@fairchildgarden.org)

FNPS Web Page: http://www.fnps.org

FNPS Eco Action Alert List: Send email request to info@fnps.org

FNPS (state) office : 321-271-6702, info@fnps.org

Tillandsia editor: Patty Phares (305-255-6404, pphares@mindspring.com)
Co-editor: Vacant (applications being accepted!)

Dade Chapter Board members:

President: Robert Harris  Vice-President: Ted Shaffer
Secretary: TBA Treasurer: Mark Bolla
At Large: Amida Frey, Patty Harris, Jose Luciani, Gita Ramsay, Vivian Waddell, Susan Walcutt
FNPS board:   Lynka Woodbury Past-President:  Amy Leonard

Mailing address:

Dade Chapter FL Native Plant Society
6619 South Dixie Highway, #181
Miami FL 33143-7919

The Dade Chapter Florida Native Plant Society is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization dedicated to the understanding and preservation of Florida's native flora and natural areas, and promoting native plants in landscapes.

The chapter includes residents of Miami-Dade County and the Keys.
Meetings in Miami-Dade County
are on the 4th Tuesday of most months at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden and are free and open to the public. Once a year, instead of the usual meeting, members and their guests are invited to an evening garden tour and social at a member's home.
Meetings in the Keys
are held on 3rd Tuesdays in November through April at varying locations from Key Largo to Key West

2009 FNPS membership rates: Donor $250, Business $125, Supporting $100, Contributing $75 ($25 to endowment), Non-Profit $50, Family $50, Individual $35, Student $15, Library $15, New Member $25, Gift $25, Lifetime $1000.

Join or renew FNPS online! Try it! If you are renewing, check your green card or send email to info@fnps.org with your full name to obtain your membership number (or ask you local membership manager).  Otherwise, reenter your personal information.  When renewing, please update your membership record. Family/household or higher level memberships can list two members, including complete contact info for each.  See https://www.fnps.org/secure/membership.php

Thanks to those who have renewed FNPS memberships recently!  Your continued support helps FNPS achieve its mission:

The purpose of the Florida Native Plant Society is to promote the preservation, conservation and restoration of the native plants and native plant communities of Florida.

Articles, announcements and news items are invited for Tillandsia from Dade and Keys members.  Please submit items for consideration by the 15th of each month.  

Advertising rates from $12/month.

© 1999-2009 Dade Chapter Florida Native Plant Society, Inc.

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