Tillandsia Web, Dade Chapter, Florida Native Plant Society

Online Newsletter

Excerpted from our print newsletter. See the printed newsletter for detailed Field Trip directions and reports, for phone and addresses for yard visits and additional articles. Join now to obtain the benefits of full membership!

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July/August, 2004

In This Issue


Tuesday, July 27.  Annual evening yard visit and social (not at Fairchild!).

Our annual yard visit meeting is open to FNPS members and their guests.  Please join so that you can enjoy all of the chapter's activities!

We will visit a home in South Miami planting in natives over the last 40 years.  The yard is unique in that nary a single blade of lawn exists. This yard is an excellent example of energy efficiency and relatively low maintenance.  It is an oasis for bird and wildlife, and the admiration of its owners as well as neighbors.

We will tour the yard, eat, socialize and have our plant raffle as usual (please check for lobate lac scale).  In case of inclement weather, there is a large covered patio. Come enjoy!

There is no August meeting or field trip, but there is an Everglades workday. 

September 28 meeting: Chuck McCartney, What Makes an Orchid an Orchid?

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Field trips are for the study of plants and enjoyment of nature by FNPS members (Dade and Keys) and their invited guests. Details are contained in the regular mailed each month to members. Collecting is not permitted. Please join today so that you can enjoy all the benefits of membership!

Saturday, July 24Hattie Bauer Hammock (former Orchid Jungle) in South Dade.  This dense, high tropical hardwood hammock also contains many exotics because of its past as the site of Orchid Jungle.  Acquired by the county in the late 1990s, the natural area is under restoration as a preserve, while open areas are slated to become a nature center.  We will tour the natural area and historic Orchid Jungle buildings.  Jane Dozier and Dallas Hazelton of Miami-Dade Parks Natural Areas Management will be our leaders.

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July 17 and August 21, 9 a.m. - noon.

We will plant a few more trees and grasses and continue light maintenance at the Coe Visitors Center.   Please try to come to at least one summer workday!   Light refreshments, gloves and tools provided, but you may want to bring your own as well as extra cold water.  Bring family and friends.  Your whole car gets in free to the park the rest of the day.  Call Patty (305-255-6404) for more information.

The plants installed in June are doing well in spite of the dry weather, thanks to the generous help with watering from Rangers Jackie Dostourian and Larry Perez and FNPS member/park biologist Jonathan Taylor.  Thanks also to Leslie Veber (Veber's Jungle Garden) for the pines and palmettos and to Gwen Burzycki for growing up the grasses transplanted from another location in ENP.  Best wishes for a speedy recovery to Ranger Alan Scott who is nursing a broken leg (no... he would really rather be out there working and sweating with us).

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Saturday, July 31: 

Our yard visits are open to FNPS members and their guests.  Please join so that you can enjoy all of the chapter's activities!

Citizens for a Better South Florida and a neighboring yard.

We will meet at Citizens for a Better South Florida and later walk to a nearby house landscaped in natives. Citizens for a Better South Florida, an environmental education organization, has a lovely display area of native plants on ½  of the property and the other ½  is a native plant nursery. We have been invited to a light brunch, to tour the property's native plants and (if you so desire) to buy some of the plants that are for sale.

This visit is part of an ongoing opportunity for those who wish to know the natives in a hands-on manner and to see them in various settings, formal and informal, and to learn the property owner's successes and failures at growing them.  These visits are being offered approximately every two months.

The following is adapted from Citizen's Mission Statement. See or call 305-648-0000 for more information. Citizens For A Better South Florida is a non-profit, environmental education organization dedicated to improving our quality of life by increasing/raising environmental awareness within South Florida's diverse multi-lingual communities, particularly in groups who have been traditionally ignored. It seeks to provide a foundation of understanding on issues such as Everglades restoration, the preservation of Biscayne Bay, and the restoration of an urban tree canopy. It focuses on activities for students, teachers, community organizations, and corporate groups that teach people how to think about environmental issues not what to think.

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On July 10th the board is having an overnight strategic planning session in the Keys to work on the budget, present new ideas, provide an opportunity for Keys and Dade leaders to connect, and to get to know each other better.  If you have suggestions to improve or enhance the chapter's activities or ideas for furthering the chapter's goals of native plant conservation and education, please contact me at smwood@bellsouth.net or 305-595-5541.

This is a good time to put plants in the ground.  Be sure to work during the cooler times of the day and drink plenty of water.  This is also a good time to get to know your neighbors and show them the benefits and beauty of native plants.  Why not show them what you are doing and then invite them to the next meeting as a guest? 

Till next time...  Steve Woodmansee

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Dade Native Plant Workshop.  3rd Tuesdays at 7 p.m., Bill Sadowski Park, 1/2 mile west of Old Cutler Road on SW 176 Street.  Study of plant ID and taxonomy.  Call Steve Woodmansee (305-247-6547) or Roger Hammer (305-242-7688).  July 20: Native orchids (BRING NO PLANT MATERIAL unless you cultivated it).  August 17: Mint family (Lamiaceae).

Broward Native Plant Workshop.  3rd Wednesdays at 7:30  Address: Room 204B, UF's Agriculture Research and Education Center, 3205 College Ave., Davie.  Contact: Chuck McCartney, 954-922-9747. July 21: native or naturalized trees in flower or fruit.

Miami-Blue Chapter, North American Butterfly Association.   July 25: Butterfly Day at Fairchild with David Spencer Smith, renowned lepidopterist and butterfly walks.  Aug. 1: meeting at Castellow Hammock, program on Butterflies of the Kissimmee Prairie.  See www.miamiblue.org to confirm details and more activities.

Adopt-a-Tree.  Through October, Miami-Dade homeowners may select from native (wild tamarind and Geiger trees upcoming) and non-invasive fruit and shade trees. July 18 at Surfside City Hall, August 14 at Pinecrest Gardens, Sept. 4 at Miami Beach Convention Center (Home Show).  See www.miamidade.gov/derm/adoptatree or call 305-468-5900 for lists of trees and other details.  Email for questions and volunteering is adoptatree@miamidade.gov.

Biscayne National ParkFounders Day, August 29, celebrates the 88th anniversary of the National Park Service.   Biscayne Botanicals: Oil Paintings by Patricia Rottino Cummins, July 30-Nov. 7... plus boat tours and lots of other summer activities.  Call 305-230-7275 or visit www.nps.gov/bisc.

Tropical Audubon Society activities (5530 Sunset Drive).  Call 305-667-7337 or see www.tropicalaudubon.orgJuly 24, August 7: workday, 8:30 - noon.  Help restore native pineland at the historical TAS Doc Thomas House.

TREEmendous Miami needs volunteers to plant trees (including native). Visit www.treemendousmiami.org or call 305-378-1863.

  • US-1 Beautification -- July 10.  Please come help at this huge, important project.  The area along Metrorail and US1 from the end of I-95 to Bird Road will have flowering and native trees. The project is sponsored by the City of Miami Beautification Committee with assistance from the Tropical Flowering Tree Society and TREEmendous Miami. If you can help, contact Steve Pearson in advance if possible (305-259-8006 or sdpesq118@aol.com using "US1 planting" in subject line) or meet at the Coconut Grove Metrorail station (US1 and SW 27 Ave) at 8:30 with sun protection and shovel.
  • Planting trees from Adopt-A-Tree for senior/disabled homeowners -- August 7 & 28.
  • Planting in City of Miami at Housing Projects – Sept. 11.

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At our May meeting, board members were elected for 1 or 2-year terms.  (The past president is also an automatic board member.)  We'd like you to get to know them better.  Please feel free to discuss your ideas and concerns with them.  Directors at Large Bob Kelley  is missing here, but we'll try to catch him at a later date.

Mary Ann Bolla (Director at Large) is a 5th generation Florida native from Arcadia, who learned nature from her father and grandfather.  In the 1960s and 1970s she worked as Dade County Naturalist, as well as at Everglades National Park.  She has a Bachelor of Science (Environmental Studies) from FIU and went on for a Master's at UF (tropical fruits and Florida native relatives) and a Ph.D. also at UF  (grafting techniques for mamey sapote).  She is now retired from Abbott Laboratories (former agricultural division) and is back in the Florida Keys.  Mary Ann serves as the board's liaison with the Keys FNPS members.

Carrie Cleland (Past Dade Chapter President) grew up in Miami in one of the horse-country/agricultural neighborhoods with dirt roads and miles of canals and canal debris (but at least she didn't walk five miles uphill in the snow to school). Although this was where she first learned to love nature and solitude, she realizes now that the native plants had already been wiped out from her neighborhood. After moving "into town"  (against her will), she returned to that old neighborhood (no longer horse country) many years later to earn a degree from F.I.U. in Management Information Systems. She has worked in law offices for most of her working life, and is currently pursuing an American Bar Association certificate as a paralegal.

Patricia A. (Patty) Harris (Director at Large) is a long-time Miami legal secretary.  She is active in TREEmendous Miami, Inc. and the Tropical Flowering Tree Society; chairs the Code Enforcement Board and is a member of the Parks and Recreation Advisory Committee for the City of West Miami; and co-chairs the Red Riders Crime Watch Group.  Patty is an avid butterfly gardener and recently qualified for the UF Extension Florida Yards and Neighborhoods "Florida Yard" certification.  Although a novice in the world of plants, she loves to play in the dirt -- but promises not to bring "mud pies" in her frequent contributions to our refreshment table.  Patty will be our "publicity person".

John Lawson (Director at Large) is a lifelong South Floridian.  He has been employed for fifteen years in the marine industry, and the past twelve in international trade. He is the grower for W. Lawson Nursery, propagating many South Florida natives. John has a true passion for our south Florida coral reefs, with free time spent in the water, viewing and studying marine life.  John will be assisting on the Membership Committee.

Amy Leonard (Vice President) was born and raised in Miami and was introduced to native plants at an early age through school in  restoration projects in the 1980's in Crandon Park. After completing an MS at Clemson University, she returned to her roots and currently teaches Biology and AP Environmental Science at Coral Park High School. She joined FNPS after attending Native Plant Day in 2001, and joined the board last year as a Director at Large, serving as the speaker coordinator.

Phillip Pearcy (Director at Large) has been a biology teacher with Dade County for 15 years.  A Florida native, he grew up in South Miami, graduating from South Miami High.  Phillip received a degree in Biology from East Carolina University and a MS in Health from Northeast Louisiana University.  Before returning to Florida, he was a volleyball coach at the University of Louisiana.  Now he spends his non-teaching time working in his landscaping company, biking, fishing, diving and hiking in the natural areas of South Florida.

Jennifer Possley (Treasurer) is the GIS Lab Coordinator and a Field Biologist at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden.  She co-coordinates the "Rare Plant SWAT Team" that has been removing invasive ferns from Bill Sadowski Park.  Prior to joining Fairchild's conservation team, she completed a master's degree in Agronomy at UF and worked as an Americorps in Big Cypress National Preserve, removing Melaleuca.  She is originally from the village of Dexter, Michigan, where she grew up learning to love nature on 15 acres of woods, swamp, ponds and streams.

Jonathan Taylor (Director at Large) has been a member for four years and board member for two, serving as treasurer last year.  He believes in the goals of the society and wants to help advance its ideals.  He was born in Missouri, raised in the Appalachian Mountains of Eastern Kentucky and has traveled extensively across the U.S., Europe, Africa and Caribbean.  However, now he is thankful to call Miami home.   His academic training is in the natural sciences with an emphasis on coastal and wetland plant ecology.   He is a botanist at Everglades National Park and is responsible for the Exotic Vegetation Management Program.

Lynka Woodbury (Secretary and FNPS state board member) works in the herbarium at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Research Center hiding out of the sun yet staying close to the Caribbean flora she loves.  She designed the original virtual herbarium database prototype. Besides mounting thousands of specimens, she recruits and trains volunteers. Lynka is a native of Coconut Grove, growing up here and in Puerto Rico enjoying the outdoors with her botanist father, the late Roy Orlo Woodbury.  At UF she majored in English and Biology.  She used to travel the world in a sailboat, and while she now paints and sails for fun, her real loves are native environments and people, especially her two children, family, volunteers, and wonderful friends in FNPS.

Steven W. Woodmansee (President) is a Biologist for The Institute for Regional Conservation for more than 7 years and is dedicated to the research and preservation of South Florida's flora and fauna.  Born in Coral Gables, since a very young age he has possessed a fascination for all things natural.  He has been a member of FNPS since 1998, and has served on the chapter board since 2002.  He was chapter rep on the FNPS board during 2002-2004.  Please introduce yourself to him at an upcoming event!

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Richard Brown of Brown and Crebbin Design Studio in Tavernier was recognized in the Design with Natives Landscape Awards Program as a "First Runner Up" at the Annual FNPS Conference in May.  Because this was the first year of a requirement that projects must have been in the ground for at least three years to qualify, no categories had more than one applicant.  The judges awarded one "Chairman's Award" and awarded all other qualifying projects "First Runner Up".  Well-deserving of honor was Founder's Park.  The following is adapted from the project's application.

Founders Park in Islamorada is a once-in-a-generation project in the Florida Keys in terms of size, scope, prominence, and community importance.  The project was made possible through the hard work and efforts of the entire community.  The park was dedicated to the founding fathers of Islamorada and is commemorated by a plaque attached to the center piece of the park, a preserved lighthouse located in a traffic roundabout.  The project is groundbreaking and exciting in the way it demonstrates to the public that it is possible to preserve, conserve and re-establish native vegetation, mixing natives with drought tolerant non-natives in a tactile and aesthetically pleasing setting that is open to the entire community.  As a community center, it is the ideal location to educate the community about natives using botanical signage that will be erected.

The project, which started with approximately 20 acres of mowed field, a few large trees and little understory, commenced 6 years ago and took 3 years.  Trees which could not be preserved in place we stored in a tree farm and replanted.  Because no irrigation was provided, areas of hardwoods that would require no maintenance and water were used, underplanting them with drought-tolerant natives.  Native canopy trees, coconut palms and flowering trees were used to create a comfortable shady, yet lively and colorful park.  Other plantings consist of a wetland and fringe plants to absorb runoff in the large swales.

Natives and butterfly attracting plants were introduced along the perimeter of the ballfields to prevent balls from rolling into the road.   Associations of planting were developed to unify the design.  Strongbark was used between parking and ball fields.  Firebush, locustberry, cocoplum and Bahama senna were used at the edges of swales.   Stoppers, fiddlewood, black ironwood and a variety of shrubs were used for understory.  Bay cedar, seagrape, beach sunflower and sea oats were used at the public beach.

 The park is considered by many to be the jewel of Islamorada and is currently the standard by which all other landscape projects of this size in Monroe County are measured.  As the center of Islamorada, the park and its landscape design contribute to the community's "sense of place".

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Notes from the May 25, 2004, presentation by Adrian Hunsberger, UF/Miami-Dade Extension

At our May 25 DCFNPS meeting, Adrian Hunsberger filled us in on the latest news concerning several native plant insect pests.  The following are my notes taken from her informative talk.  This is not a pest control guide, but a summary to get you started on your own research on insect problems that you may be encountering.  Be an educated gardener! - Patty Phares


You can obtain more information about all the insects (including photos to identify the insects) and treatments on various web sites.  The local Extension's site (http://miami-dade.ifas.ufl.edu) has a large list of publications and links for many horticulture topics.  For more information  (including assistance with interpretation of directions for use of insecticides), call the Extension at 305-248-3311 or contact Adrian at aghu@ifas.ufl.edu (email preferred). Sites for information on specific pests discussed here:


General advice:

READ THE LABEL before you use any insecticidal product.  If you use a homemade product or "botanical", it is recommended that you contact the Extension before using it, since some can harm plants or be lethal to the natural enemies of the pests you are trying to kill.

Management strategies:

"Sooty mold" on leaves is a frequent and obvious indicator that you may have an insect pest.  This mold grows on the honeydew produced by many insects and makes the leaves look brownish-black.  The sooty mold is not a problem in itself and will go away when the insect making the honeydew is gone.  If the insect is a significant threat to the plant, treat to control the insect.

Lobate lac scale is still spreading via native and exotic plants, sometimes due to transporting plants for landscaping.  Unfortunately, initial efforts to find a biocontrol for this serious pest have not been productive.  Treatment of plants in your landscapes is recommended if possible.  Horticultural oils, such as Organocide (fish oil) or Ultra Fine (paraffin oil), have proven effective. Weekly sprays over 4-6 weeks are recommended.  For heavy infestations and large trees you may need to use a soil drench containing the systemic insecticide imidacloprid.  Dead scales may not fall off the plants, but if they are dry when scraped off (not gooey), they are dead.  To avoid spreading the crawlers, don't leave infected cuttings on the curbside. Wait until the scales are dead. [Besides several web sites, information on this scale and its control is in the October, 2003, Tillandsia (see www.fnps.org/chapters/dade). Also, many infested plants have not succumbed, so if treatment is not possible in your situation, don't give up hope. – PLP]

Pink hibiscus mealybug has a wide host range, including native plants.  If you think you have this insect in your neighborhood, DO NOT use any kind of control.  Instead, call 888-397-1517 to report it.  If you do have it, a biological control will be released in your neighborhood.  To distinguish mealybugs from the similar-looking ladybug larvae (which are mealybug predators), see which are moving -- mealybugs do not move.

Cycad aulacspis scale can affect our native coontie.  Horticultural oils (see lac lobate info) work well on this. Weekly sprays over 4-6 weeks are recommended. [This is becoming a serious problem at Fairchild. Check all cycads before you purchase them and treat before planting if they are infested. – PLP]

Sri Lanka Weevil - Don't worry about this pest.  It is transitory and looks similar to other leaf-notchers.

Royal palm bug - This makes a couple fronds turn brown, but in general you don't need to worry.  If treatment is important, you can use imidacloprid (see lobate lac scale info) in the winter.

Palmetto weevil - This large native American weevil is lethal and infests some native palms, including cabbage palm and saw palmetto, but more often exotic date palms.  A palm with a rapid decline and death (3 weeks) could have this weevil, not a disease which causes decline over several months.  Palms are more susceptible when stressed, such as when transplanted.  Avoid trimming green fronds on any palm.  Research (done by Adrian) indicates that cutting fronds releases chemical attractants (as well as ending the nutritional production of a good leaf).  If necessary, cut leaves late in the growing season when the weevils are not flying around.  Remove dying and dead palms as quickly as possible. Destroy insects in the palm by chopping up or chipping.

Citrus spider (Cyrtophora citricola) - A lot of webbing that appears overnight may indicate this pest.  The spider is brown, about 1" long and its posterior has 2 lobes.  Its eggs are like a string of pearls.  It originally was found mostly in citrus groves, hence the name.  This spider is associated with branch dieback but does not directly cause it (maybe the webs do).  Break up the webbing with a stick.  If you feel you must eliminate the spider, crush it, but remember that all spiders are beneficial in insect control. [Information may not be available on the Web for this spider.]

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How are those plants doing anyway?

As you may remember, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden outplanted 118 crenulate lead plants, Amorpha herbacea Walter. var. crenulata (Rybd.) Isley, in the fall of 2002.  You may remember because you were probably there yourself.  Thanks to the help of 57 volunteers, many of which were FNPS members, the outplanting was a success!

Let me jog your memories about this federally endangered species.  The plant gets its common name, crenulate lead plant, because of its scalloped leaf margins, known by botanists as crenulate, and from the historic belief that these plants indicate metals in the soil, lead plant is derived.  It is endemic to Miami-Dade County and now only naturally occurs in four protected areas. There are less than 1,000 naturally occurring individuals in the world.  The main threat to the crenulate lead plant is habitat destruction via construction and water drainage.  You may be familiar with this species, because it commonly finds itself on the donation table at FNPS Dade Chapter meetings and at Fairchild plant sales.

Fairchild was asked by the Florida Department of Environmental Resources Management to perform a rescue of crenulate lead plants from a non-protected site that was due to be destroyed.  With many volunteers, we collaborated with Miami-Dade County Natural Areas Management and Florida Department of Transportation in rescuing plants and outplanting crenulate lead plant into a protected home. As I am sure by now you recall, we planted whole dug up plants, plants propagated from cuttings and seedlings grown from seeds collected from the rescued population.  As well, we planted seedlings and plants from Fairchild's ex situ collection.

We have been monitoring them quarterly since the outplanting and have learned some interesting things.  The crenulate lead plant is known to have a strong root system and to resprout from the base of a seemingly dead plant.  The outplants have proven this to be true!  When we dug up whole plants from the rescue site we tried to be careful not to break the roots, but the brittle tap roots often broke off at the base of the plant leaving only small pieces of root behind.  Most of those plants initially lost all of their leaves and regrew them back within a month's time in the Fairchild nursery.  Those whole plants have survived the best with a 91% survival rate. Second best surviving propagule type were variously aged nursery plants (root bound and all!).  The tiny seedlings seemed to fair the worst with only a 37% survival rate. There have been no new seedlings growing from these outplants.  This is expected, though.  The natural populations do not prolifically reproduce either, possibly due to changes in water table from local drainage. 

Our study has shown that the crenulate lead plant is a tough one!  It can withstand transplanting and container living for years.  Just put them in the ground and they will thrive.  This is good news for this federally endangered species.  With this knowledge, we will be able to make more efficient outplantings at other locations with suitable habitat and will be able to produce plants with a high probability of survival. All that, on top of rescuing a population of the crenulate lead plant from destruction.  Not too bad.

Kristie Wendelberger
Field Botanist
Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden

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by Tina Andracke Henize

Fort Zachary Taylor Historic State Park (FZT) opened in early 1970s as an historic landmark and was designated as a State Park in 1985.  Casuarina equisetifolia (incorrectly called "Australian pines") grow on fill added in the 1970s from channel dredgings.  The trees' aggressive volunteering took off from those growing out of the fort itself.  Fortunately, Florida Statute now requires removal of Casuarina, but this is where our story begins.

On June 15th, at the request of a contingent of Key West Aussie pine lovers, the Key West City Commission passed a resolution "urging the state of Florida to spare the Australian pines" at FZT.  The final resolution, if effective, would reverse the position of at least two sensible City of Key West ordinances and could seriously hamper the state park's responsibility "to preserve, protect and restore" the natural resources of the State of Florida.  The move to keep Casuarinas has been going on for several years since the Park Service accepted the mandate to eradicate invasive exotics.  This citizen group has in the past year, however, become more organized and vociferous, resulting in this resolution.

The Commission removed several boldly inaccurate pieces of the original 'Whereas'-es, but retained others making the emotional value judgments that the "cathedral ... of old Australian Pine trees" are "a cherished part of the park's natural landscape, providing…a beautiful vista", that they are "unique", and they do not "threaten native species nor disrupt established plant communities, but do provide a habitat for migrating birds."  The commissioners completely ignored the massive, mobile seed source and the fact that the pines' mere presence prevents successful native plant development.  They ignored the site's nearly-monocultural quality as reason for low numbers and diversity of songbirds and the cost to taxpayers to quell the spread of Casuarinas in natural areas and to repair storm damage (e.g.,  Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park after Hurricane Andrew).

Following an emergency alert, DCFNPS chapter president Steve Woodmansee, with chapter board approval, provided direct and honest comments.  Other official input for the record was given by TNC's Jody Thomas and Alison Higgins, and  Park Service Director Mike Bullock. Others from the Park Service, DCFNPS, Greensweep, and Audubon, also gave input, with the total number equal to the "save the pines" side.  While emotions were heavy from the other side, the facts were overwhelming from ours.

In the end the Commission compromised somewhat by resolving to support sparing the "pines" with gradual removal due only to safety hazard or natural death, to support replanting with mature native shade trees, and to support the formation of a citizens group to work with the Park Service on "pines" preservation issues.  It could have been worse.  The bottom line in my opinion is that this resolution really won't make much difference as the Park had already set the gradual take-down policy.  In 20 years the Casaurinas will be gone, the natives will be growing, and all will have forgotten this conflict.

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General information and memberships: Patty Phares (305-255-6404)

Contact in the Keys: Jim Duquesnel at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park (305-451-1202)

President: Steve Woodmansee ( 305-595-5541, smwood@bellsouth.net)

DCFNPS Web page: http://www.fnps.org/chapters/dade

Webmaster: Greg Ballinger

FNPS Web Page: http://www.fnps.org

FNPS Eco Action Alert List: Send email request to info@fnps.org

FNPS (state) phone: 772-462-0000

Tillandsia editors: Patty Phares (305-255-6404, pphares@mindspring.com) and Karen Griffin.

The Dade Chapter Florida Native Plant Society is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization dedicated to the understanding and preservation of Florida's native flora and natural areas, and promoting native plants in landscapes.

The chapter includes residents of Miami-Dade County and the Keys. Meetings in Miami-Dade County are on the 4th Tuesday of each month except June, August and December at Fairchild Tropical Garden and are free and open to the public. In June, members and their guests are invited to an evening garden tour on the 4th Tuesday. Meetings in the Keys are held on a varying schedule of dates and locations from Key Largo to Key West. The basic FNPS membership (state and chapter) is $25 per year. Please contact DCFNPS for a membership application.

Please send articles, announcements of local activities and news of interest to the Dade Chapter PO Box or email to the editor (above) by the 15th of each month to be considered for publication the following month. Advertising rates from $10/month.

© 1999-2005 Dade Chapter Florida Native Plant Society, Inc.

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