Tillandsia Web, Dade Chapter, Florida Native Plant Society

Online Newsletter

Excerpted from our print newsletter. See the printed newsletter for detailed Field Trip directions and reports, for phone and addresses for yard visits and additional articles. Join now to obtain the benefits of full membership!

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January 2001

In This Issue



Tuesday, January 23, 7:30 p.m., at Fairchild Tropical Garden, 10901 Old Cutler Road. [The 4th, not last, Tuesday.]

Non-Timber Forest Products: Can they save our forests? -- Kristine Stewart, Florida International University.

Many experts claim the harvest of products other than timber is the answer to "saving our forests". However, the question is whether these non-timber forest products (NTFP), (such as fruits, seeds, bark, or latex) can be harvested sustainably. Kristine Stewart of Florida International University and DCFNPS member will discuss two examples of NTFP that address this question. One of them is our familiar Spanish moss, the basis of a booming Florida industry since the 1920s. The second example is the medicinal tree, the African cherry, which is found only in mountainous parts of Africa. It is used as an effective herbal remedy to treat enlarged prostates. Hear these two stories and decide for yourself if NTFP is the solution to the complex problem of tropical deforestation.

Thanks in advance to January refreshment donors: Manny Pomares and Sharon Dyer (drinks and ice); Lee & Scott Massey, Gail Romero, Larry Perez and Joe Barros (snacks).

Raffle and auction donors: please make life easier by including a slip of paper in the pot with the plant name and cultural tips, and also sign your own name on the donor list.

February 27 meeting: Linda McDonald of Miami-Dade Park and Recreation Department's Natural Areas Management will mark NAM's 10th anniversary with a program on the status of the county's natural areas.

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Please see details elsewhere in this newsletter.


19 (Fri.): Monthly meeting in the Keys (11:30 a.m., Marathon)
20 (Sat.): DCFNPS project workday at Everglades Natl. Park
23 (Tues.): Monthly meeting in Dade.
27 (Sat): Keys Group field trip, Islamorada..
28 (Sun.): Field trip to Coastal Prairie Trail (ENP)


4 (Sun.): Four-part native plant identification workshop begins.
8 (Thurs.): Monthly meeting in the Keys (at Pennekamp).
13 (Tues.): Science Fair — DCFNPS judges needed.
24 (Sat.): Field trip to Bear Lake.
27 (Tues.): Monthly meeting in Dade.


24 (Sat.): Native Plant Day at Castellow Hammock (S. Dade).
27 (Tues.): Monthly meeting in Dade; board election.
28 (Wed.): Monthly meeting in the Keys (Islamorada).


10-13 (Thurs. - Sun.): 21st Annual FNPS Conference, Palm Harbor.

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Call Patty or Gwen for more information or carpooling (from Dade). If the weather is very bad, call to confirm before leaving home. Field trips are for the study of plants and enjoyment of nature by FNPS members (Dade and Keys) and their invited guests. Collecting is not permitted.

Sunday, January 28: Coastal Prairie Trail, Everglades National Park. This trail, which originates near the campground at Flamingo, is not frequented most of the year because of mosquitoes and mud, but this time of year we hope to enjoy the interesting array of coastal plants in relative comfort. However, depending on local conditions at the time, we may go instead (or in addition) to the nearby Snake Bight trail. Meet: at the main Visitors Center. We will carpool from there (another hour's drive). If you need directions, please call. Driving time from Cutler Ridge is about 30 minutes. Bring/wear: BUG PROTECTION (some combination of repellant, long sleeves, head net, extra pint of blood); sun protection; shoes for possible mud; drinks and lunch. Difficulty: moderately easy -- walking on smooth but possibly occasionally muddy paths.

Saturday, February 24: Bear Lake, Collier Co.. Details TBA.

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Note: All Dade Chapter members are welcome at all chapter activities. For more information about those planned by the Keys Activities Committee, please call Jim Duquesnel at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, 305-451-1202.


Friday, January 19, 11:30 a.m. - 1 p.m., at the Garden Club building in Marathon, jointly hosted by the Marathon Garden Club and the Florida Native Plant Society.

State Park biologist Jim Duquesnel will give a slide show about invasive exotic landscape plants. In 1999 the Florida Nurserymen and Growers Association (FNGA) decided to encourage its members to voluntarily phase out of production and sales 11 species of plants identified as invasive pest plants capable of invading and disrupting Florida's natural areas. However, these are fewer than half of the plants identified by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council as serious pests still being sold.

The reason known pest plants are still being sold... money. The 11 species being voluntarily phased have little or no economic value to growers. So, if Floridians want to plant only those species deemed harmless to our environment, it's apparently up to the consumers to get educated and buy intelligently. This program will identify the species being phased out as well as those still on the market, and describe the impacts of each on Florida's environment. Several pest plants that have recently been labeled noxious weeds by the state and are now legally banned from sale or transport within the state will also be discussed.

Thursday February 8th, 2001, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park's Visitor Center, Mile Marker 102.5 US 1, Key Largo, FL. Plant Identification Session: 7:00 PM, Main Program: 7:30 PM. Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park's biologist Jim Duquesnel, and the park's nursery volunteers, will describe how and when and where to collect native seeds, prepare them, and how to care for native plants. Examples of preferred potting soils, fertilizers and other aids will be shown. Several types of native plant fruits will used in demonstrations. Any questions? Please call Lisa Gordon: 743-0978 or Michael Welber: 289-1740.

March 28 (Wed.): In Islamorada. Dena Garvue of Fairchild Tropical Garden, Saving Sargent's Cherry Palm.

Field trip: Saturday, January 27, 10 a.m.. Dove Creek, an interesting state-owned hammock in Key Largo. Leader: Robert Guerra, Fl. Fish and Wildlife Conserv. Comm.. Call Beth Bergh for meeting location.

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If you have stopped at the Ernest Coe Visitors Center at the entrance to Everglades National Park recently, you might have noticed that the landscaping is ... well ... in need of "fixing". When the replacement for the old visitors center destroyed by Hurricane Andrew opened several years ago, the landscaping was attractive but included some exotic and inappropriate species. The years and lawn mowers have not been kind, and the first sight of the Everglades seen by thousands of visitors from all over the world each year is not entirely pretty.

DCFNPS is working with Alan Scott, the park ranger in charge if interpretive facilities, to revamp the landscaping to make it more attractive and more representative of the Everglades habitats. A committee from the chapter has surveyed the grounds and planned the initial work. The landscaping will serve not only to beautify the grounds of the visitors center, but also to demonstrate landscaping with natives to local residents.

Only a small section will be done in each phase so that materials, funds, labor and maintenance are not required in great quantity at once. The direction and labor will come largely from DCFNPS. Equipment and some non-plant supplies (including signs) will be supplied by the park. Obtaining plants, mulch, and other required materials will be a joint effort -- hopefully, you can supply some.

The initial sections to restore are the "pinelands" adjacent to the parking lot and between the visitors center and the park offices. Young pines (up to about 8') and saw palmettos are essentially the only pineland species visible. However, by carefully searching through a large bed of zoyzia grass, a surprising number of healthy quailberry plants from the original landscaping can be found still growing under the grass! Most of the pineland area needs the addition of understory plants.

Here is what we need from our members (families and friends) right away. If you might be able to help or donate materials, please call Carrie and Patty.

    1. Help on Saturday, January 20, from 8:30 until noon to remove the zoyzia grass by hand and clear weeds and grass around the pines and other plants which are to be preserved. We will also do other maintenance and exotic removal. Please call Carrie if you can come. Please bring your own hand trowel and gloves, if possible. Refreshments provided. Shovels, picks and pruning tools might be useful as well.
    2. Help at a later workday. Please call Carrie to be added to the list of potential volunteers. If you have a special skill (e.g., pruning, landscape design), please let us know. Otherwise we will remove bad plants and install good ones, spread mulch, install rocks as barriers, and do maintenance.
    3. Plants! Initially (starting in January and February), we will need pineland species, including certain wildflowers, shrubs, grasses, palmettos and silver palms, and a few pines. Later on we will need plants for wet areas and hammock, including ferns and bromeliads. One gallon and smaller material grown from local seed sources are preferred. We encourage backyard as well as commercial growers to donate! If you might have plants to donate now or in the future, please call Carrie and Patty to discuss our needs and requirements.
    4. Pine needle mulch from southern slash pines.
    5. Funds. Donations or help in obtaining grant funding for additional plants, supplies and educational literature.
    6. Rocks -- local oolitic limestone ranging from fist size up to about 2 feet tell and wide to use as barriers to mowers and additions to the pineland understory. (If you have even one rock, bring it!) Later on we will need some pine and cypress logs.
    7. Additional /future committee members! This is an on-going project which will need DCFNPS coordination not only for the initial re-landscaping but also for the long-term maintenance.

Don't miss this opportunity to help show the world a real South Florida landscape -- without having 1.2 million visitors tromp through your native plant yard! Your rewards will be the pride of seeing and knowing the worth of the improvements, recognition of DCFNPS efforts, and free entrance to the park on the day of your work. Repeat volunteers at the park are honored with t-shirts and other ENP apparel and a volunteer recognition luncheon in March. Volunteer time can also be a tax deduction.

ENP Landscape Project Committee: Carrie Cleland, Gwen Burzycki, Patty Phares, Keith Bradley

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Please invite your friends and neighbors Castellow Hammock Park in the Redland for Native Plant Day. It's free, fun and full of information. There will be programs and workshops about native plants in landscaping and in natural areas, displays, nature walks, plant and book sales, raffles and children's activities. We will also celebrate the reopening of Castellow Hammock Park, which was flattened by Hurricane Andrew.

How can you help?

  1. Suggest a local newspaper or newsletter of an organization where we can place an announcement (please let us know ASAP -- deadlines are nigh).
  2. Spread the word with your acquaintances and put up a poster at your grocery store, school, church or park. Pick up posters at the February meeting, or call a committee member.
  3. Assist at the event. We need people to greet the public, help shoppers buying plants, help with children's activities, sell books or raffle tickets, lead nature walks, work the plant ID booth, introduce speakers and keep time for programs, set up and label the raffle plants, help with breakdown, and lots of miscellaneous things that any of you can do.
  4. Set up displays, plants, signs, etc on Friday.
  5. Camp at the park overnight on Friday to deter early visitors to the plants and other items already set up.
  6. Help hand-write or computerize mailing labels for announcements to the public (several hundred).
  7. Donate raffle items: nice plants, books, gardening items, crafts and other native plant-related items.

Please contact Mary Rose or Patty Phares to help with any of the above.

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Science Fair judges are needed on February 13 to help select recipients of the George N. Avery Award presented by DCFNPS for outstanding projects on native plants at the South Florida Regional Science and Engineering Fair. The judging will be from 4 to 8 p.m. at Cutler Ridge Mall (you don't have to be there at 4). Judges need to be familiar with plants and scientific method but do not need to be native plant experts. Please call Carrie if you can help. If you are not sure that you feel qualified but are interested and want to encourage the next generation of scientists, join the team as an "apprentice".

Thanks to our volunteers, plant donors and participating nurseries who helped at the Fairchild Tropical Garden Ramble in November. The chapter's display and plant sale were attractive and well-visited.

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For all of you plant enthusiasts who love natives but can't identify as many as you'd like …this is the workshop for you! Starting in February, Tony Koop of the University of Miami will conduct a series of hands-on, Saturday workshops on basic botany and the use of taxonomic keys in plant identification. For the first two meetings, you will learn basic skills in workshops at the Gifford Arboretum of the University of Miami in Coral Gables. On the last two days, you will practice what you have learned in area parks. You will also make some herbarium samples of plants you collect. Due to the interactive nature of these workshops, the number of participants is limited to 15. There is a $20 registration fee for all 4 days. The fee will pay for reproduction costs, with any excess proceeds donated to the Dade Chapter of the Florida Native Plant Society and the Gifford Arboretum. If you have any questions or would like to reserve your space, please contact Tony at his UM lab at (305) 284-5364 (be prepared to leave a message). Or e-mail him at Tkoop@fig.cox.miami.edu.


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Miami Blue Chapter of the North American Butterfly Association. Monday, January 22. Social time at 7:30 p.m., program at 8 p.m. Doc Thomas House 5530 Sunset Drive (Tropical Audubon Society). For more information, call Bob Kelley at 305-666-9246 or email: RKelley@math.miami.edu.

Native Plant Workshop. 3rd Tuesdays at Bill Sadowski Park, 1/2 mile west of Old Cutler Road on SW 176 Street. Call Steve Woodmansee or Roger Hammer at or more information. The January topic is Moraceae (mulberry family, which includes Ficus). Also to be covered are plant communities to be visited on the next DCFNPS field trip (tidal swamp and coastal prairie).

Miami-Dade Park and Recreation Dept Natural Areas Management Volunteer Work Days and Walks. 9 a.m. to noon. Please call 305-257-0933 for details. Workdays: Jan.20 — Rolling Oaks Park (18702 NW 17 Ave.); Jan.27 — Rockdale Pineland Preserve (SW 92 Ave. & 145 St.); Feb.3 — Ned Glenn Pineland (SW 188 St. & 87 Ave.); Feb.17 — Oak Grove Park (690 NE 159 St.). Nature walk: R. Hardy Matheson Preserve (11901 Old Cutler Road, just north of fire station).

Spring Miami-Dade Community College Community Education courses at the Kendall Campus or Parrot Jungle include: Nature Photography; Botanical Art; Integrated Pest Management; Mulching & Composting; Butterfly & Hummingbird Gardening; Cultivating Bromeliads & Epiphytes; Organic Gardening; Landscape Your Home; Artistic Garden Design; Enjoying Nature in South Florida; Native Plants to Know, Love and Use in Your Landscape; and more. Courses meet mostly at night or on weekends and are open to everyone over 18. Many are taught by DCFPNS members. For a brochure, call (305) 237-2612 or view their website http://www.mdcc.edu/kendall/ce/creative/index.html.

Tropical Audubon Society meeting: Jan. 16 meeting: "Birding in Alaska with a Camcorder", speaker Steve Siegel. Social at 7:30 p.m. and program at 8 p.m. The public is invited. 5530 Sunset Dr. Call 305-665-5111.

Broward County Chapter of the Florida Native Plant Society meetings on 2nd Tuesdays. Secret Woods Nature Center, 2701 W. State Rd. 84, just west of I-95. Call 954-321-5545.

The Deering Estate at Cutler 16701 SW 72 Avenue presents "Florida Friendly Landscape Series" Speaker: Jody Haynes, University of Florida 7:30 - 8:30 p.m. in the Stone HouseWednesday, January 17: "Creating Florida Yards" Wednesday, January 24: "Maintaining Florida Yards" Thursday, February 1: " Introduction to Florida Yards and Neighborhoods." Admission fee $3.00 For information, please call 305-235-1668.

"The Transplanted Gardener--From Temperate to Tropical" is the title of an article by FNPS member Roger Johnson which is being published in the January-February bimonthly issue of the American Gardener, magazine of The American Horticultural Society (Arlington, Va.). The article is about the adventure of gardening in a new environment -- the Florida Keys in this case. Roger lives on Sugarloaf Key when not teaching college in Pennsylvania. Thanks to Roger for mentioning FNPS in his article.

New books of interest. The first volume of the Flora of Florida covering the fern-like plants and pine/junipers is now available through the University Presses of Florida for about $50. Another recent book by David McCally reports on the environmental history of the plight of the Everglades. This is also available from the University Presses of Florida for $20 paper and $40 cloth. (Information from Marty Roessler.)

Interesting article. An interesting article on the possibility of white vine being an exotic, its rapid spread in disturbed wetland sites and its ability to remove nutrients from wetlands occurred in the Florida Scientist. See Steven M. Smith et al., 2000. Observations on the growth of white vine [Sarcostemma clausum] in a nutrient-enriched region of the northern Florida Everglades. Fla. Sci. 63(4):261-273.

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(Part 2 of a series) by Roger L. Hammer

YELLOW ELDER Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth Bignoniaceae (Trumpet Creeper Family)

Yellow elder is the national flower of the Bahamas and the official flower of the U.S. Virgin Islands. According to Elbert Little, Jr., in his publication Checklist of United States Trees (Native and Naturalized) (USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 541, 1979), the natural range of this tree is "Trans-Pecos Texas, southern New Mexico, and southern Arizona, Mexico south to Brazil and northern Argentina. Also in West Indies including Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands." He goes on to state that it is cultivated and naturalized in southern Florida.

Yellow elder flowers in the late fall-early winter months and puts on a grand display of bright yellow, trumpet-shaped, fragrant flowers that are about 1 1/2" wide and 2" long. It is either shrubby or sometimes reaching small tree stature to 15' or more. There are a number of them along US1 in the Goulds-Princeton-Naranja area, and in the vicinity of Cauley Square. Most are naturalized in disturbed areas but some are cultivated. It also occurs in a number of hardwood hammocks of Miami-Dade County, including Castellow Hammock.

The seeds are distributed by wind, which is why you tend to see plants scattered haphazardly along roadsides and other disturbed sites. Perhaps one reason why many people regard this tree as native to Florida is a book known to many: A Flora of Tropical Florida by Robert Long and Olga Lakela (University of Miami Press, Coral Gables, 1971). Long and Lakela are notorious for giving ranges of Florida plants without any indication whether or not they are native within that range. For yellow elder they state, "Hammocks, Florida to Texas, West Indies, tropical America, also in cultivation." Their broad brush approach to plant ranges has caused much confusion among native plant buffs.

Richard Wunderlin, Ph.D., in his book Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (University Presses of Florida, Gainesville, 1998), gives the range of yellow elder in Florida as "Disturbed sites. Rare; central and southern peninsula. Native to tropical America. Escaped from cultivation." Those who used Long and Lakela's publication as their "bible" while learning native plants have been misled, not only with this species but many others as well. Unfortunately, yellow elder is exotic, plain and simple. Get over it!

[Roger Hammer is the naturalist of Miami-Dade Park and Recreation Department's Castellow Hammock Park].

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--by Jeff Wasielewski

January is a time for catching up in your garden. With the advent of cooler temperatures and lower humidity and rainfall, your landscape is in a state of rest. Of course, that doesn't mean that you have to be. The winter season is a great chance for you to catch up on those ever-present weeds. During the growing season, weeds can often take control of your garden. Now that lower temperatures and rainfall have slowed down the growth rate of your garden, make a conscious effort to pull all the weeds you can. They won't return with the vigor they exhibited during the summer.

The next step is mulch. Mulching your planting beds after a good weeding session will further retard the weed's ability to return. Mulching will not only help to suppress weeds it will also help to retain moisture and help your garden to look its best. Mulch also has the added benefit of adding organic matter to your yard. As the mulch begins to decompose, it will break down into organic matter that will help your landscape in countless ways. Organic matter is ever so important in South Florida because of the poor soil conditions that haunt countless backyard growers across the lower portion of the state. Anyone who has ever taken spade to soil in South Florida knows that sooner than later you will hit limestone or fill containing limestone. Limestone has a high pH and poor water and nutrient holding ability and is difficult to grow in (unless you are growing natives of course). By adding mulch to areas containing limestone, one is able to begin to change the soil structure. As mulch decomposes, it helps to wear away at the limestone and breaks down into organic matter. This organic matter is much more adapted at retaining moisture and nutrients than limestone is and will greatly benefit most landscape plants. After a few years of mulching the same planting bed, you will begin to build up a few inches of good, organic soil. This doesn't sound like much, but it makes a world of difference to tiny feeder roots trying to find their way in the rough and tumble world of a limestone dominated soil structure.

Because your garden is shut down for the winter, fertilizing with macros (N-P-K) is unnecessary. However, you may want to fertilize using a foliar spray of micro-elements (Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, B, Mo, Cl). These are called micro elements because they are needed by your plants in small quantities. The best way to apply micros is by using a foliar spray. You want to give micros to your plants through the leaves because if you try to apply micros through the roots the micros will immediately be made unavailable to the plant by our soil's high pH. The high pH chemically ties up most micro elements such as iron and manganese. Micros should be applied at least once every three months.

January is a slow time in the growth of your garden, but it is a great time to catch up with things like weeding, mulching and micro elements. Just make sure you don't spend all of your weekends working in your garden. January is also a great time for hitting the great outdoors. Check out the trails at Matheson Hammock, the native plantings at Bill Baggs Park and don't forget the mighty Everglades. The wood storks are calling.

[Jeff Wasielewski is the Assistant Curator of Tropical Fruit at Fairchild Tropical Garden]

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Helen Correll Carter: 1907-2000

When I first met Drs. Donovan and Helen Correll I was at the Fairchild Tropical Garden herbarium looking for location data of a native orchid that I was interested in finding. Dr. John Popenoe, who was the director of the Garden at the time, introduced me to them. Donovan Correll left me there to chat with his wife and the only thing that I distinctly recall is that when I referred to her as "Dr. Correll," she said "You can just call me Helen." And it was the same with her husband Don, so whenever I saw them from then on, they were simply "Don and Helen."

I knew of Don before I met him because I had read his 1950 book Native Orchids of North America over and over again. At the time, I was on a mission to find and photograph as many native orchids in Florida as I could, and Don's book was my first mentor. Finding Florida's native orchids wasn't so much a mission as it was an adventure–a reason to be out in the woods. I even had the profound pleasure of taking Don out to Long Pine Key in Everglades National Park to show him a small population of the very rare shadowwitch orchid, Ponthieva brittoniae, which he had never seen in the wild. The year was 1979 and I have a photo of Don sitting next to the flowering orchids. As fate would have it, I have never encountered that orchid again in Florida.

I remember another day in 1980 when I was at the herbarium trying to identify a grass that I had found growing in Castellow Hammock. Helen saw me there, took one look at it and told me that it was Oplismenus hirtellus. That was her specialty you know, the grasses.

Donovan was born in 1908 and Helen in 1907. Both received their Ph.D. from Duke University in the late 1930s. In 1972 their book Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southwestern United States was published and shortly thereafter the two of them began working on the monumental task of completing a book on the flora of the Bahamas. The book was published in 1982. It is three inches thick, weighs five pounds, and includes 144 families, 659 genera, and 1,371 species. It sold for $125, and was reprinted in 1996 with a price tag of $300. At $60 a pound it's still a great buy.

Sadly, South Florida lost two great botanists the year after their book was first published. George N. Avery died just days before the July 1983 issue of the Fairchild Tropical Garden bulletin arrived in home mailboxes. In that issue was an obituary entitled "Donovan Stewart Correll: 1908-1983" written by Professor Robert K. Godfrey of Florida State University. Somewhat ironically, an article that George Avery had written just before his death was printed in that same bulletin, and it was titled Digitaria pauciflora–A Very Particular Grass. I had an article in the same issue as well, entitled Grass Pink–The Deceiver. The entire bulletin was devoted to plants of the Everglades and there was a quote from Marjory Stoneman Douglas on the cover that began "There are no other Everglades in the world…". Don and Helen both knew the Everglades intimately.

Fittingly, Don's ashes were scattered during a quiet ceremony at the rainforest waterfall near the Rare Plant House in Fairchild Tropical Garden, a secluded place where people go to contemplate and be at peace with themselves or their loved ones.

Helen continued to work at the Garden until 1991 when she decided to move to the East Ridge Retirement Village in Cutler Ridge. She was active there and helped plant many rare palms and other unusual plants. In 1992 she married William Carter, who also resided at East Ridge, and the two of them lived there together until she passed away on November 13. The contributions that she and her first husband, Don, made to the world of botany cannot be described in words. I cherish my Flora of the Bahama Archipelago more than any other book that I own, mainly because it was written by my two down-to-earth friends, Don and Helen.

-- Roger L. Hammer

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Diversity and Development: Striking a Balance
The 21st Annual Conference of the
Florida Native Plant Society

The first rule of intelligent tinkering is to save all the parts. — Aldo Leopold

Thursday - Sunday, May 10 - 13, 2001
Westin Innisbrook Resort, Palm Harbor

Hosted by the Pinellas Chapter of FNPS
727-544-7341 /www.fnps.org /jbuhrman@aol.com

Call for papers, posters. Please respond with title and one-line description by November 14. Abstracts due by January 26. Notification of acceptance by February 15. Please contact Judith Buhrman for more information: jbuhrman@aol.com or (727)-398-3799, or 6123 113 St. #504, Seminole, FL 33772.

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Joyce Gann has announced that Tropical Greenery is officially closed -- really! -- no more "still going out of business" sales. Please look for native plants at various public events and at Veber’s Jungle Garden (305-242-9500) and Plant Creations (305-248-8147, www.plantcreations.com), in the Redland, and Florida Keys Native Nursery (305-852-2636). You can also locate other nurseries carrying natives (most are wholesale but may also sell retail) through the Association of Florida Native Nurseries (www.afnn.org or 1-877-353-2366).

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General information and memberships: 305-255-6404

Contact in the Keys: Jim Duquesnel at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park (305-451-1202)

President: Keith Bradley (305-247-6547)

Vice President and Dade refreshment coordinator: Carrie Cleland (305-661-9023)

DCFNPS e-mail: DadeChFNPS@juno.com

DCFNPS Web page: http://www.fnps.org/dade/

Webmaster: Greg Ballinger

FNPS Web Page: http://www.fnps.org/

Tillandsia editor: Patty Phares (305-255-6404 or (new email address) pphares@mindspring.com)

© 1999-2001 Dade Chapter Florida Native Plant Society, Inc.

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